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精妙的SQL语句

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123457064 显示全部楼层 发表于 2021-10-25 19:49:37 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
阐明:复制表(只复制布局,源表名:a 新表名:b)  
select * into b from a where 1<>1


阐明:拷贝表(拷贝数据,源表名:a 目标表名:b)
insert into b(a, b, c) select d,e,f from b;


阐明:显示文章、提交人和末了复兴时间
select a.title,a.username,b.adddate from table a,(select max(adddate) adddate from table  
where table.title=a.title) b


阐明:外毗连查询(表名1:a 表名2:b)
select a.a, a.b, a.c, b.c, b.d, b.f from a LEFT OUT JOIN b ON a.a = b.c


阐明:日程安排提前五分钟提醒
select * from 日程安排 where datediff('minute',f开始时间,getdate())>5


阐明:两张关联表,删除主表中已经在副表中没有的信息
delete from info where not exists ( select * from infobz where info.infid=infobz.infid )


阐明:--  

SQL:  

SELECT A.NUM, A.NAME, B.UPD_DATE, B.PREV_UPD_DATE  

FROM TABLE1,  

(SELECT X.NUM, X.UPD_DATE, Y.UPD_DATE PREV_UPD_DATE  

FROM (SELECT NUM, UPD_DATE, INBOUND_QTY, STOCK_ONHAND  

FROM TABLE2  

WHERE TO_CHAR(UPD_DATE,'YYYY/MM') = TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM')) X,  

(SELECT NUM, UPD_DATE, STOCK_ONHAND  

FROM TABLE2  

WHERE TO_CHAR(UPD_DATE,'YYYY/MM') =  

TO_CHAR(TO_DATE(TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM') || '/01','YYYY/MM/DD') - 1, 'YYYY/MM') ) Y,  

WHERE X.NUM = Y.NUM (+)  

AND X.INBOUND_QTY + NVL(Y.STOCK_ONHAND,0) <> X.STOCK_ONHAND ) B  

WHERE A.NUM = B.NUM


阐明:--  
select * from studentinfo where not exists(select * from student where  
studentinfo.id=student.id) and 系名称='"&strdepartmentname&"' and 专业名称
='"&strprofessionname&"' order by 性别,生源地,高考总结果


从数据库中去一年的各单元电话费统计(电话费定额贺电化肥清单两个表来源)  

SELECT a.userper, a.tel, a.standfee, TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'yyyy') AS telyear,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '01', a.factration)) AS JAN,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '02', a.factration)) AS FRI,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '03', a.factration)) AS MAR,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '04', a.factration)) AS APR,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '05', a.factration)) AS MAY,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '06', a.factration)) AS JUE,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '07', a.factration)) AS JUL,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '08', a.factration)) AS AGU,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '09', a.factration)) AS SEP,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '10', a.factration)) AS OCT,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '11', a.factration)) AS NOV,  

SUM(decode(TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'mm'), '12', a.factration)) AS DEC  

FROM (SELECT a.userper, a.tel, a.standfee, b.telfeedate, b.factration  

FROM TELFEESTAND a, TELFEE b  

WHERE a.tel = b.telfax) a  

GROUP BY a.userper, a.tel, a.standfee, TO_CHAR(a.telfeedate, 'yyyy')


阐明:四表联查题目
select * from a left inner join b on a.a=b.b right inner join c on a.a=c.c inner join d on  
a.a=d.d where .....  


阐明:得到表中最小的未使用的ID号


SELECT (CASE WHEN EXISTS(SELECT * FROM Handle b WHERE b.HandleID = 1) THEN MIN(HandleID) + 1  
ELSE 1 END) as HandleID  FROM Handle WHERE NOT HandleID IN (SELECT a.HandleID - 1 FROM  
Handle a)


一个SQL语句的题目:行列转换
select * from v_temp
上面的视图结果如下:
user_name role_name
-------------------------
体系管理员 管理员  
feng 管理员  
feng 一样平常用户  
test 一样平常用户  
想把结果变成如许:
user_name role_name
---------------------------
体系管理员 管理员  
feng 管理员,一样平常用户  
test 一样平常用户
===================
create table a_test(name varchar(20),role2 varchar(20))
insert into a_test values('李','管理员')
insert into a_test values('张','管理员')
insert into a_test values('张','一样平常用户')
insert into a_test values('常','一样平常用户')

create function join_str(@content varchar(100))
returns varchar(2000)
as
begin
declare @str varchar(2000)
set @str=''
select @str=@str+','+rtrim(role2) from a_test where [name]=@content
select @str=right(@str,len(@str)-1)
return @str
end
go

--调用:
select [name],dbo.join_str([name]) role2 from a_test group by [name]

--select distinct name,dbo.uf_test(name) from a_test


快速比较布局雷同的两表
布局雷同的两表,一表有记录3万条左右,一表有记录2万条左右,我怎样快速查找两表的差别记录?
============================
给你一个测试方法,从northwind中的orders表取数据。
select * into n1 from orders
select * into n2 from orders

select * from n1
select * from n2

--添加主键,然后修改n1中多少字段的多少条
alter table n1 add constraint pk_n1_id primary key (OrderID)
alter table n2 add constraint pk_n2_id primary key (OrderID)

select OrderID from (select * from n1 union select * from n2) a group by OrderID having  
count(*) > 1

应该可以,而且将差别的记录的ID显示出来。
下面的实用于两边记录一样的情况,

select * from n1 where orderid in (select OrderID from (select * from n1 union select * from  
n2) a group by OrderID having count(*) > 1)  
至于两边互不存在的记录是比较好处理惩罚的
--删除n1,n2中多少条记录
delete from n1 where orderID in ('10728','10730')
delete from n2 where orderID in ('11000','11001')

--*************************************************************
-- 两边都有该记录却不完全雷同
select * from n1 where orderid in(select OrderID from (select * from n1 union select * from  
n2) a group by OrderID having count(*) > 1)
union
--n2中存在但在n1中不存的在10728,10730
select * from n1 where OrderID not in (select OrderID from n2)
union
--n1中存在但在n2中不存的在11000,11001
select * from n2 where OrderID not in (select OrderID from n1)


四种方法取表里n到m条记录:

1.
select top m * into 暂时表(或表变量) from tablename order by columnname -- 将top m笔插入
set rowcount n
select * from 表变量 order by columnname desc


2.
select top n * from (select top m * from tablename order by columnname) a order by  
columnname desc


3.如果tablename里没有其他identity列,那么:
select identity(int) id0,* into #temp from tablename

取n到m条的语句为:
select * from #temp where id0 >=n and id0 <= m

如果你在执行select identity(int) id0,* into #temp from tablename这条语句的时间报错,那是因为
你的DB中间的select into/bulkcopy属性没有打开要先执行:
exec sp_dboption 你的DB名字,'select into/bulkcopy',true


4.如果表里有identity属性,那么简朴:
select * from tablename where identitycol between n and m  


怎样删除一个表中重复的记录?
create table a_dist(id int,name varchar(20))

insert into a_dist values(1,'abc')
insert into a_dist values(1,'abc')
insert into a_dist values(1,'abc')
insert into a_dist values(1,'abc')

exec up_distinct 'a_dist','id'

select * from a_dist

create procedure up_distinct(@t_name varchar(30),@f_key varchar(30))
--f_key表现是分组字段﹐即主键字段
as
begin
declare @max integer,@id varchar(30) ,@sql varchar(7999) ,@type integer
select @sql = 'declare cur_rows cursor for select '+@f_key+' ,count(*) from ' +@t_name +'  
group by ' +@f_key +' having count(*) > 1'
exec(@sql)
open cur_rows  
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max  
while @@fetch_status=0  
begin  
select @max = @max -1  
set rowcount @max  
select @type = xtype from syscolumns where id=object_id(@t_name) and name=@f_key
if @type=56
select @sql = 'delete from '+@t_name+' where ' + @f_key+' = '+ @id  
if @type=167
select @sql = 'delete from '+@t_name+' where ' + @f_key+' = '+''''+ @id +''''  
exec(@sql)
fetch cur_rows into @id,@max  
end  
close cur_rows  
deallocate cur_rows
set rowcount 0
end

select * from systypes
select * from syscolumns where id = object_id('a_dist')


查询数据的最大排序题目(只能用一条语句写)  
CREATE TABLE hard (qu char (11) ,co char (11) ,je numeric(3, 0))  

insert into hard values ('A','1',3)
insert into hard values ('A','2',4)
insert into hard values ('A','4',2)
insert into hard values ('A','6',9)
insert into hard values ('B','1',4)
insert into hard values ('B','2',5)
insert into hard values ('B','3',6)
insert into hard values ('C','3',4)
insert into hard values ('C','6',7)
insert into hard values ('C','2',3)


要求查询出来的结果如下:

qu co je  
----------- ----------- -----  
A 6 9
A 2 4
B 3 6
B 2 5
C 6 7
C 3 4


就是要按qu分组,每组中取je最大的前2位!!
而且只能用一句sql语句!!!
select * from hard a where je in (select top 2 je from hard b where a.qu=b.qu order by je)  


求删除重复记录的sql语句?  
怎样把具有雷同字段的记录删除,只留下一条。
例如,表test里有id,name字段
如果有name雷同的记录 只留下一条,别的的删除。
name的内容不定,雷同的记录数不定。
有没有如许的sql语句?
==============================
A:一个完备的解决方案:

将重复的记录记入temp1表:
select [标记字段id],count(*) into temp1 from [表名]
group by [标记字段id]
having count(*)>1

2、将不重复的记录记入temp1表:
insert temp1 select [标记字段id],count(*) from [表名] group by [标记字段id] having count(*)
=1

3、作一个包罗全部不重复记录的表:
select * into temp2 from [表名] where 标记字段id in(select 标记字段id from temp1)

4、删除重复表:
delete [表名]

5、规复表:
insert [表名] select * from temp2
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