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Nginx进步安全与性能的最好配置详解

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真无牙泛 显示全部楼层 发表于 2021-10-26 13:48:36 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
紧张展示在Nginx中设置X-Frame-Options、X-XSS-Protection、 X-Content-Type-Options、Strict-Transport-Security、https等安全设置。

Nginx.conf设置如下
  1. # 不要将Nginx版本号在错误页面或服务器头部中显示
  2. server_tokens off;
  3. #不允许页面从框架frame 或 iframe中显示,这样能避免clickjacking
  4. # http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clickjacking
  5. # 如果你允许[i]frames, 你能使用SAMEORIGIN 或在ALLOW-FROM中设置你的允许的url
  6. # https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/HTTP/X-Frame-Options
  7. add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
  8. #当你的网站是用户提供的内容比如博客论坛等,使用 X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff 头部,
  9. # 这是为了失效某些浏览器的内容类型探嗅
  10. # https://www.owasp.org/index.php/List_of_useful_HTTP_headers
  11. # 当前支持IE > 8以上版本 http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/09/02/ie8-security-part-vi-beta-2-update.aspx
  12. # http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ie/gg622941(v=vs.85).aspx
  13. #Firefox https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=471020
  14. add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
  15. # 防止跨站脚本 Cross-site scripting (XSS) ,目前已经被大多数浏览器支持
  16. #默认是激活的,如果被用户失效,可以使用这个配置激活。
  17. # https://www.owasp.org/index.php/List_of_useful_HTTP_headers
  18. add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
  19. #激活内容安全策略Content Security Policy (CSP) ,大部分浏览器支持
  20. # 告诉浏览器只能从本域名和你显式指定的网址下载脚本。
  21. # http://www.html5rocks.com/en/tutorials/security/content-security-policy/#inline-code-considered-harmful
  22. add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'self'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval' https://ssl.google-analytics.com https://assets.zendesk.com https://connect.facebook.net; img-src 'self' https://ssl.google-analytics.com https://s-static.ak.facebook.com https://assets.zendesk.com; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' https://fonts.googleapis.com https://assets.zendesk.com; font-src 'self' https://themes.googleusercontent.com; frame-src https://assets.zendesk.com https://www.facebook.com https://s-static.ak.facebook.com https://tautt.zendesk.com; object-src 'none'";
  23. server {
  24. listen 443 ssl default deferred;
  25. server_name .forgott.com;
  26. ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.crt;
  27. ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.key;
  28. #激活会话重续提高https性能
  29. # http://vincent.bernat.im/en/blog/2011-ssl-session-reuse-rfc5077.html
  30. ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:50m;
  31. ssl_session_timeout 5m;
  32. # Diffie-Hellman parameter for DHE ciphersuites, recommended 2048 bits
  33. ssl_dhparam /etc/nginx/ssl/dhparam.pem;
  34. #激活服务器端保护免于BEAST 攻击
  35. # http://blog.ivanristic.com/2013/09/is-beast-still-a-threat.html
  36. ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
  37. # 失效 SSLv3(自nginx 0.8.19默认激活) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secure_Sockets_Layer#SSL_3.0
  38. ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  39. # 为保密性和相容性选择密码
  40. # http://blog.ivanristic.com/2013/08/configuring-apache-nginx-and-openssl-for-forward-secrecy.html
  41. ssl_ciphers "ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:DHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:EDH-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES128-GCM-SHA256:AES256-SHA256:AES128-SHA256:AES256-SHA:AES128-SHA:DES-CBC3-SHA:HIGH:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!MD5:!PSK:!RC4";
  42. # 激活ocsp stapling (一种机制:一个网站可以保护隐私可扩展的方式传达的证书撤销信息给访问者)mechanism by which a site can convey certificate revocation information to visitors in a privacy-preserving, scalable manner)
  43. # http://blog.mozilla.org/security/2013/07/29/ocsp-stapling-in-firefox/
  44. resolver 8.8.8.8;
  45. ssl_stapling on;
  46. ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/star_forgott_com.crt;
  47. # 配置激活HSTS(HTTP Strict Transport Security) https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Security/HTTP_Strict_Transport_Security
  48. #避免ssl stripping https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SSL_stripping#SSL_stripping
  49. add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubdomains;";
  50. # ... the rest of your configuration
  51. }
  52. # redirect all http traffic to https
  53. server {
  54. listen 80;
  55. server_name .forgott.com;
  56. return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
  57. }
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